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TAG SP 413: Pravda: Dasar 'Double Standard' di Pakistan
2/11/2001 12:01 pm Fri
Dasar 'Double Standard' di Pakistan
(Double Standards Policy In Pakistan)
Nampaknya Pakistan kini sedang dirasuk masalah dalaman. Di satu
pihak ia menerima sokongan pasukan udara Amerika. Di satu pihak
yang lain pula terdapat rakyatnya yang tidak senang hati terhadap
tindakan Amerika sehingga kebangkitan pihak yang bersenjata
sudah menjadi perkara biasa. Di satu bahagian, askar Amerika
ditempatkan di bumi Pakistan, sedangkan di satu bahagian pula,
seperti yang dilapurkan oleh pihak yang berkuasa di India, tentera
Pakistan sedang membantu puak militan Kashmir bergerak ke
Afghanistan untuk membantu pergerakan Taliban.
Ada satu maklumat terbaru hari ini, menyebut Islamabad memberikan
bantuan kelengkapan perang kepada Taliban. Inilah yang
menggugat hubungan baik antara pakistan dan Amerika Syarikat.
Hari ini, akhbar 'The Washington Times, melapurkan kisah
pembekalan senjata Islamabad kepada pergerakan Taliban. Akhbar
itu memetik maklumat daripda sumber pasukan khas Amerika yang
menyebut bagaimana kelengkapan perang itu dibekalkan pada
malam hari dengan trak. Mengikut akhbar tersebut, kerja-kerja
pembekalan bukannya dibuat oleh pihak radikal ataupun panglima
tentera yang tidak senang hati - tetapi, inilah tindakan yang
diluluskan oleh pihak atasan yang rasmi di Islamabad.
Untuk sementara ini maklumat ini dianggap sebagai tidak rasmi. Pihak
berkuasa Amerika tidak pun membuat sebarang komen akan hal ini.
Namun, jurucakap kepda pihak berkuasa Pakistan sudah pun
bertindak. Wakil daripada kementerian pertahanan sudah pun
mendakwa, betapa mereka tidak menerima sebarang maklumat akan
pembekalan senjata tersebut.
Kisah pembekalan ini adalah benar. Kedudukan Pakistan amat jelas
- saling bantu membantu - dalam hal ekonomi, politik, dan
pembekalan. Seandainya Taliban menyerang, peranan pasukan
khas Pakisan dalam suasana ini adalah bukan rahsia lagi (kerana
pergerakan itu ditubuhkan dengan kerjasama CIA). Pihak CIA sudah
pun menolak pertubuhan anti-Soviet, tetapi pasukan ISI Pakistan
masih lagi mempunyai hubungan dengan Taliban.
Keadaan sebenar Pakistan tidak perlu disebut di sini. Presiden
Pervez Musharraf sedang berada dalam keadaan laksana telur di
hujung tanduk disebabkan permusuhan antara penyokong Taliban
dan musuh mereka yang berada di sebelah samudera, yang
membuatkan Musharraf tidak senang duduk.
Kerana itu negara ini terpaksa menangani dua keadaan yang
mencetuskan dua dasar piawaaannya. Di siang hari Pakistan
menyokong Amerika tetapi apabila malam tiba - banyak trak bergerak
daripada Pakistan menuju Afghanistan. Perkara ini tidak akan
bertahan lama. Setakat ini AS menggunakan Pakistan untuk
mencapai cita-citanya. Namun, masanya akan tiba permainan ini
akan berakhir juga.
(Gambar: Seorang pelarian Afghan sedang mencangkung di sebelah
pagar berduri yang memisahkan pelarian daripada Pakistan di
sempadan Chaman. Oktober 31, 2001.)
DOUBLE STANDARDS POLICY IN PAKISTAN
It seems that Pakistan is now deeply submerged in its inner
contradictions. On the one hand, it has the support of the American
aviation. On the other hand, the dissatisfaction of its citizens with this
action is growing, and armed mutinies are becoming regular. On the
one hand, American troops are stationed on the territory of Pakistan.
On the other hand, the Indian authorities have stated that the
Pakistani military is deploying the militants from Kashmir to
Afghanistan to help the Taliban movement.
There appeared the new information today that Islamabad provided
the Taliban with the weapons. This is like the last straw in the
relations between Pakistan and the United States of America.
Today, The Washington Times reported about the delivering of
weapons from Islamabad to the Taliban movement. The newspaper
referred to the information from the sources in the American special
services. Pursuant to the information, received by the intelligence,
Pakistan was supplying weapons, ammunition and fuel to the
Taliban. The weaponry is delivered at night time by trucks. As the
newspaper stressed, those actions were performed not by some
radical groups or unhappy generals of the armed forces; this action
was approved on the top level, by the official authorities of
For the time being, this information is unofficial. The American
authorities have not made any comments on the matter yet. However,
the spokesmen for the Pakistani authorities have already reacted.
Representatives of the country's defense ministry claimed that they
did not have any information about the delivery of the weapons.
Actually, these weapons supplies are true. The position of Pakistan
is known well: we help you (the US) and you help us in terms of
economy, politics, and please deliver weapons to us, just in case
the Taliban attack. The role of the Pakistani special services in
setting up the movement Taliban is an open secret as well (the
movement was established together with the CIA by the way). The
CIA has already rejected its anti-Soviet production, but the Pakistani
ISI is still in contact with the Taliban.
No need to mention the inner sentiments in Pakistan. President
Pervez Musharraf is balancing on a very thin line between the
followers of the Taliban and adversaries of the movement, who
mainly live across the ocean, to Musharraf's discontent.
Thus, the country is forced to live under the conditions of a policy of
double standard. During the day, Pakistan supports America, but
when the night falls, the trucks are on their way from Pakistan to
Afghanistan. This can not last long. So far, the US has used Pakistan
to suit its own ends, but there will be the time when the game is
going to be over with.
Reuters photo: An Afghan refugee eats near a wire fence separating
the refugees from Pakistan at the Chaman border crossing, October
[Awas! rencana ini dari menetas dari pasukan risik Amerika dan India
THE WASHINGTON TIMES
The military goods, including ammunition and fuel, are being sent
with the help of elements of the Pakistani government, said officials
familiar with intelligence reports of the transfers.
Officials, speaking on the condition of anonymity, said the trade is
approved by officials of the Pakistani military and the Inter-Services
Intelligence service (ISI). The ISI, in particular, is said to have close
ties with the Taliban regime.
The trade is said to take place at night by trucks. The goods travel
from Quetta to the Pakistani border town of Chaman and then on to
Kandahar, a known Taliban stronghold.
"There are two border control regimes: One before sundown and one
after sundown," said one official.
The trade violates a resolution by the United Nations imposed in
December that bars arms transfers to Afghanistan or the ruling
The continuing support for the Taliban by Pakistan's intelligence
service highlights the difficulties faced by Islamabad in supporting
U.S. military operations against the Taliban and al Qaeda terrorist
Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf several weeks ago fired ISI
chief Lt. Gen. Mahmood Ahmed who was viewed as insufficiently
Gen. Musharraf said during the recent visit to Pakistan by Secretary
of State Colin L. Powell that his government would provide
intelligence, overflight rights and logistical support "as long as the
operation" in Afghanistan goes on.
It could not be learned whether the illicit trade is approved by the
Pakistan government or is taking place behind the back of Gen.
A Pakistani Embassy spokesman denied the government was
involved in any arms shipments or supplies to the Taliban. "This is
certainly not true," said Mian Asad Hayauddin, the spokesman.
Mr. Hayauddin said, however, that the border with Afghanistan is
porous, especially in the southern area and that local tribes are
known to conduct cross-border trade.
Asked about foreign military supplies to the Taliban, a senior defense
official said recently, "We know of no significant aid organized aid
from a foreign state." The official would not answer when asked to
detail the aid.
Meanwhile, Rear Adm. John Stufflebeem, deputy director of
operations for the Joint Staff, confirmed that B-52 bombers are being
used to attack Taliban troops and terrorist training camps.
New reports from Afghanistan have shown U.S. bombing raids using
500-pound bombs in areas north of Kabul.
"The B-52s are being utilized in areas all over the country,
including on Taliban forces in the North," said Adm. Stufflebeem. He
declined to elaborate on the targets of the B-52 bombers but
disputed that the raids were "carpet bombing" - high-altitude bomb
drops that were used in the Vietnam War.
"I think it's an inaccurate term," said Adm. Stufflebeem. "It's an old
expression. Heavy bombers have the capacity to carry large loads
of weapons, and oftentimes if a target presents itself either in an
engagement zone, or when directed, it's possible to release an entire
load of bombs at once, in which case the real formal term for that is
called a 'longstick,' which has also been called carpet bombing."
The use of B-52s "is part of our campaign," he said. "We do use it
and have used it, and we'll use it when we need to."
The use of the B-52s in area bombing raids has followed the arrival
in the past few days of U.S. troops who are assisting the opposition
Northern Alliance by helping to identify targets and directing U.S. air
Pentagon officials said the U.S. soldiers have helped make the
bombing raids more effective.
U.S. intelligence officials said the Pakistani government of Gen.
Musharraf is struggling against internal opposition from hard-line
Islamic elements within the military and intelligence service that are
sympathetic to the Taliban. "The Taliban is a creature of the ISI," one
Two Indian newspapers reported last month that Indian intelligence
services said that Pakistani military-ISI elements were helping the
Taliban with military supplies, including aviation fuel and ammunition.
The Pioneer newspaper of New Delhi stated that Pakistan military
and intelligence officials are based in Afghanistan and are assisting
the Taliban military forces.
The Deccan Herald of Bangalore, quoting a classified Indian
intelligence report, stated that the arms from Pakistan to the Taliban
were being sent disguised as United Nations humanitarian relief
Adm. Stufflebeem said Taliban "command and control" - the system
used to communicate and direct orders to troops - has been "cut"
"They're having extreme difficulty communicating one to another,"
Adm. Stufflebeem said. "Mullah Omar is still their leader, their
commander. They are still attempting to be able to communicate with
Mullah Omar. They are also trying to be resupplied and reinforced,
and they're having difficulties in all of that. We believe that that puts
a terrific amount of stress on their military capability as their regional
commanders, who have been used to a lot of top-down control, may
not be getting that now."
Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld, meanwhile, leaves today for Russia and Central Asia. In Moscow, he will discuss arms-control issues and he will then travel to undisclosed Central Asian nations for talks with leaders on the operations in Afghanistan.